Kentuckians traveling to areas of the world affected by the Zika virus disease, an infectious illness circulating in various countries, should take steps to protect themselves and their families from this and other vector-borne diseases, the Kentucky Department for Public Health advises.
Like many viruses, Zika can be acquired from the bite of an infected mosquito. The virus is currently circulating in parts of Mexico, Cape Verde, and 26 other countries in the Caribbean, Central America, South America, and Oceania. Zika virus disease is considered by the World Health Organization to be a serious international public health threat. Although many people who contract Zika virus infection have mild or no symptoms, pregnant women are thought to be at particular high risk for complications after Zika virus exposure, because the virus has been linked with the birth of babies who have defects in their brains.
Until more is known, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to recommend that pregnant women and women trying to become pregnant take the following precautions:
- Pregnant women should consider postponing travel to the areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing. Pregnant women who must travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctor or other healthcare professional first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip.
- Women trying to become pregnant should consult with their healthcare professional before traveling to these areas and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip.
- Based on reports of possible Zika transmission through sexual contact, CDC has suggested that pregnant women avoid sexual contact with men who have recently returned from areas with Zika transmission and men returning from these regions should consider using condoms.
“At this time, no cases of the Zika virus disease among travelers who have visited affected areas have been reported in Kentucky,” said Dr. Kraig Humbaugh, senior deputy commissioner for DPH. “However, we strongly advise that anyone – especially pregnant women and children – planning to travel to countries where Zika virus is circulating take steps to protect themselves. This includes being knowledgeable about where the virus is spreading, consulting with a healthcare provider, and following public health’s recommendations to avoid mosquito bites.”
The virus is not known to be circulating in the mosquito population in in Kentucky. Zika virus disease has been increasing in recognition in Brazil, Mexico and most recently in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. For these reasons, DPH advises that Kentucky travelers follow the advice of the CDC, which continues to advise travelers to Mexico, Cape Verde, and the 26 other at-risk countries in the Caribbean, Central America, South America or Oceania, to protect themselves and their family members from mosquito bites.
Travelers are specifically advised to wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and to use approved insect repellents. Additional information on how travelers can protect themselves and their family members from mosquito bites can be found on the CDC's Zika Prevention website
International travelers to at-risk countries who develop fever, rash, and other acute symptoms within two weeks of return to Kentucky should consult with their medical provider.
A full list of affected countries/regions can be found on the CDC's Affected Areas website
. Localized areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing can be difficult to determine and are likely to continue to change over time.
Additional facts and information specifically related to Zika virus and Zika virus disease can be found on the CDC's Zika website